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Plant cutting, also known as striking/cloning, is a technique for vegetatively (asexually) propagating plants in which a piece of the source plant containing at least one stem cell is placed in a suitable medium such as moist soil, potting mix, coir or rock wool. The cutting produces new roots, stems, or both, and thus becomes a new plant independent of the parent.
Additional recommended knowledge
Typically, striking is a simple process in which a small amount of the parent plant is removed. This removed piece, called the cutting, is then encouraged to grow as an independent plant.
Several compounds are used to promote the formation of roots such as the auxins. Among the commonly used ones is indole-3-butyric acid, or IBA, used as a powder, solution or gel. This compound is applied either to the cut tip of the cutting or as a foliar spray.
Many vegetative parts of a plant can be used. The most common methods are
Some species, such as willow, blackberry and pelargoniums can be struck simply by sticking into moist ground. Most species, however, require humid, warm, partially shaded conditions to strike. Particularly difficult species may need cool air above and warm soil.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cutting_(plant)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|