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A simple, accurate, and reproducible High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed and validated for the quantification of quercetin (QR) in rat plasma. The method involves a simple protein precipitation procedure to extract both QR and thymoquinone (TQ), the internal standard. The chromatographic analysis was achieved on a Shimadzu LC 20A HPLC system equipped with a Supelcosil LC‐18 T C18 column and an isocratic mobile phase consisted of 0.3% trichloroacetic acid in water and acetonitrile HPLC grade (50:50, v/v) run at a flow rate of 0.9 ml/min for 13 minutes. The UV detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. The method exhibited good linearity (R2 > 0.994) over the assayed concentration range (0.10‐25 µg/ml) and demonstrated good intra‐day and inter‐day precision and accuracy (relative standard deviations and the deviation from predicted values were less than 20%). This method was also successfully applied for studying the pharmacokinetics of QR in rats following a single oral dose of QR to evaluate its pharmacokinetic parameters in rats.
Abstract The single radial immunodiffusion assay has been the accepted method for determining the potency of inactivated influenza vaccines since 1978. The world‐wide adoption of this assay for vaccine standardisation was facilitated through collaborative studies that demonstrated a high ... more
Abstract Background Whether morbidity from the 1918‐19 influenza pandemic discriminated by socioeconomic status has remained a subject of debate for 100 years. In lack of data to study this issue recent literature have hypothesized that morbidity was “socially neutral”. Objectives ... more
Smart skin that can respond to external stimuli could have important applications in medicine and robotics. Using only items found in a typical household, researchers have created multi-sensor artificial skin that's capable of sensing pressure, temperature, humidity, proximity, pH, and air ... more
Some doctors may recommend that patients with the flu take acetaminophen, or paracetemol, to relieve their symptoms; however, a new randomized clinical trial found no benefits to the over-the-counter medication in terms of fighting the influenza virus or reducing patients' temperature or ot ... more
A new study that investigated the potential of certain psychological traits for predisposing heterosexuals to have negative attitudes towards homosexual people found that psychoticism - which is present in severe psychopathological conditions but may also contribute to less severe states of ... more