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Polarization-Sensitive Multimodal Imaging for Detecting Breast Cancer

Intraoperative delineation of breast cancer is a significant problem in surgical oncology. A reliable method for demarcation of malignant breast tissue during surgery would reduce the re-excision rate due to positive margins. We present a novel method of identifying breast cancer margins using combined dye-enhanced wide-field fluorescence polarization imaging for en face cancer margins and polarization-sensitive (PS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) for cross-sectional evaluation. Tumor specimens were collected following breast surgery, stained with methylene blue, and imaged. Wide-field fluorescence polarization images were excited at 640 nm and registered between 660 and 750 nm. Standard and PS OCT images were acquired using a commercial 1,310-nm swept-source system. The imaging results were validated against histopathology. Statistically significant higher fluorescence polarization of cancer as compared with both normal and fibrocystic tumor tissue was measured in all the samples. Fluorescence polarization delineated lateral breast cancer margins with contrast superior to that provided by OCT. However, OCT complemented fluorescence polarization imaging by facilitating cross-sectional inspection of tissue. PS OCT yielded higher contrast between cancer and connective tissue, as compared with standard OCT. Combined PS OCT and fluorescence polarization imaging shows promise for intraoperative delineation of breast cancer. Cancer Res; 74(17); 4685–93. ©2014 AACR.

Authors:   Rakesh Patel; Ashraf Khan; Robert Quinlan; Anna N. Yaroslavsky
Journal:   Cancer Research
Volume:   74
edition:   17
Year:   2014
Pages:   4685
DOI:   10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-2411
Publication date:   01-Sep-2014
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