My watch list
my.bionity.com  
Login  

Target Inhibition Networks: Predicting Selective Combinations of Druggable Targets to Block Cancer Survival Pathways

by Jing Tang, Leena Karhinen, Tao Xu, Agnieszka Szwajda, Bhagwan Yadav, Krister Wennerberg, Tero Aittokallio

A recent trend in drug development is to identify drug combinations or multi-target agents that effectively modify multiple nodes of disease-associated networks. Such polypharmacological effects may reduce the risk of emerging drug resistance by means of attacking the disease networks through synergistic and synthetic lethal interactions. However, due to the exponentially increasing number of potential drug and target combinations, systematic approaches are needed for prioritizing the most potent multi-target alternatives on a global network level. We took a functional systems pharmacology approach toward the identification of selective target combinations for specific cancer cells by combining large-scale screening data on drug treatment efficacies and drug-target binding affinities. Our model-based prediction approach, named TIMMA, takes advantage of the polypharmacological effects of drugs and infers combinatorial drug efficacies through system-level target inhibition networks. Case studies in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer and BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cells demonstrated how the target inhibition modeling allows systematic exploration of functional interactions between drugs and their targets to maximally inhibit multiple survival pathways in a given cancer type. The TIMMA prediction results were experimentally validated by means of systematic siRNA-mediated silencing of the selected targets and their pairwise combinations, showing increased ability to identify not only such druggable kinase targets that are essential for cancer survival either individually or in combination, but also synergistic interactions indicative of non-additive drug efficacies. These system-level analyses were enabled by a novel model construction method utilizing maximization and minimization rules, as well as a model selection algorithm based on sequential forward floating search. Compared with an existing computational solution, TIMMA showed both enhanced prediction accuracies in cross validation as well as significant reduction in computation times. Such cost-effective computational-experimental design strategies have the potential to greatly speed-up the drug testing efforts by prioritizing those interventions and interactions warranting further study in individual cancer cases.

Authors:   Jing Tang et al.
Journal:   PLoS Computational Biology
Volume:   9
edition:   9
Year:   2013
Pages:   e1003226
DOI:   10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003226
Publication date:   12-Sep-2013
More about PLoS Computational Biology
More about Public Library of Science
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE