Electrospray fabrication of doxorubicin-chitosan-tripolyphosphate nanoparticles for delivery of doxorubicin
This work focused on a new technique for the preparation of doxorubicin (DOX) loaded chitosan (CS) nanoparticles (DOX-CS) — formation by electrospray ionization in the presence of tripolyphosphate (TPP) as the stabilizer. The working distance, needle gauge, flow rate, stirring rate, electrospraying voltage and DOX to CS molar ratio were sequentially and individually optimized and found to be a 26 gauge needle, an applied voltage of 13 kV, a flow rate of 0.5 mL/h, a working distance of 8 cm and a stirring rate of 400 rpm. The incorporation of chemically unchanged DOX with the CS into the particles was ascertained by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Under these optimized conditions, the DOX-CS particles were found to be nanoparticles of approximately 300–570 (dry particles) or 530–870 nm diameter (hydrated particles), with a PDI and SPAN polydispersity indices of 0.97–0.82 and 0.62–0.64, respectively, for initial DOX loading levels of 0.25–1%, as determined by SEM and particle size analyzer, respectively. Moreover, a high encapsulation efficiency (EE) of DOX into the nanoparticles was attained, ranging from 63.4 to 67.9% EE at 1 to 0.25% DOX loading. Finally, the in vitro DOX release behaviors of the DOX-CS particles revealed a prolonged release of DOX over at least seven hours.
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Universi ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more
Researchers at Washington State University report a new approach for the effective capture of tumor-derived exosomes from a prostate cancer cell line. Exosomes are small secreted vesicles that play a key role in intercellular communication and cancer progression.
Developing effective and hi ... more
In shampoo ads, hair always looks like a shiny, smooth surface. But for physicists peering into microscopes, the hair surface looks much more rugged, as it is made of saw-tooth, ratchet-like scales. In a new theoretical study published, Matthias Radtke and Roland Netz have demonstrated that ... more