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Altered circadian genes expression in breast cancer tissue according to the clinical characteristics

by Monika Lesicka, Ewa Jabłońska, Edyta Wieczorek, Barbara Seroczyńska, Anna Siekierzycka, Jarosław Skokowski, Leszek Kalinowski, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Edyta Reszka

Breast cancer has a multifactorial etiology. One of the supposed and novel mechanisms is an alteration of circadian gene expression. Circadian genes play a crucial role in many physiological processes. These processes, such as genomic stability, DNA repair mechanism and apoptosis, are frequently disrupted in breast tumors. To assess the significance of circadian gene expression in breast cancer, we carried out an analysis of CLOCK, BMAL1, NPAS2, PER1, PER2, PER3 and CRY1, CRY2, TIMELESS, CSNK1E expression by the use of the quantitative Real-Time PCR technique in tumor tissue and non-tumor adjacent normal tissue sampled from 107 women with a newly diagnosed disease. The obtained data were compared to the clinical and histopathological features. PER1, PER2, PER3, CRY2 were found to be significantly down-expressed, while CLOCK, TIMELESS were over-expressed in the studied tumor samples compared to the non-tumor samples. Only gene expression of CRY1 was significantly down-regulated with progression according to the TNM classification. We found significantly decreased expression of CRY2, PER1, PER2 genes in the ER/PR negative breast tumors compared to the ER/PR positive tumors. Additionally, expression of CRY2, NPAS2 genes had a decreased level in the poorly differentiated tumors in comparison with the well and moderately differentiated ones. Our results indicate that circadian gene expression is altered in breast cancer tissue, which confirms previous observations from various animal and in vitro studies.

Authors:   Monika Lesicka; Ewa Jabłońska; Edyta Wieczorek; Barbara Seroczyńska; Anna Siekierzycka; Jarosław Skokowski; Leszek Kalinowski; Wojciech Wąsowicz; Edyta Reszka
Journal:   PLoS ONE
Volume:   13
edition:   6
Year:   2018
Pages:   e0199622
DOI:   10.1371/journal.pone.0199622
Publication date:   29-Jun-2018
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