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Lack of plakoglobin impairs integrity and wound healing in corneal epithelium in mice

We generated cornea-specific plakoglobin (Jup; junctional plakoglobin) knockout mice in order to investigate the function of plakoglobin on the maintenance of the homeostasis of corneal epithelium in mice. Cornea epithelium-specific conditional knockouts (Jup CEΔ/CEΔ ) (cKO) were obtained by breeding keratin12-Cre (Krt12-Cre) mice to Jup-floxed (Jup f/f ) mice. Light and transmission electron microscopic and immunohistochemical analyses were carried out to determine consequence of the loss of plakoglobin on maintaining corneal epithelium integrity under mechanical stress, e.g., brushing and wound healing. Immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated that, although Jup ablation did not affect BrdU incorporation, basal cell-like cells labeled for keratin 14 were ectopically present in the supra-basal layer in mutant corneal epithelium, suggestive of altered cell differentiation. Plakoglobin-deficient epithelium exhibits increased fragility against mechanical intervention when compared to wild-type controls under identical treatment. Closure of an epithelial defect was significantly delayed in Jup CEΔ/CEΔ epithelium. Our findings indicate that the lack of plakoglobin significantly affects corneal epithelium differentiation, as well as its structural integrity. Plakoglobin is essential to the maintenance of the structure of the corneal epithelium and its wound healing.

Authors:   Masahide Kokado; Masayasu Miyajima; Yuka Okada; Kana Ichikawa; Osamu Yamanaka; Chia-Yang Liu; Winston Whei-Yang Kao; Weinian Shou; Shizuya Saika
Journal:   Laboratory Investigation
Year:   2018
Pages:   1
DOI:   10.1038/s41374-018-0082-z
Publication date:   25-May-2018
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