Association between obstructive sleep apnea and optic neuropathy: a Taiwanese population-based cohort study
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with many systemic diseases including diabetes, hypertension, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between OSA and optic neuropathy (ON), and to evaluate the efficacy of treatment for OSA on the risk of ON. We used the data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, which involved one million insurants from Taiwan National Health Insurance program (Taiwan NHI). OSA patients had a 1.95-fold higher risk of ON compared with non-OSA patients in all age group. The risk was significantly higher (adjusted hazard ratio: 4.21) in the group aged <45 years and male individuals (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.93). Meanwhile, sleep apnea was associated with ON regardless of the existence of comorbidity or not. OSA patients treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) had an adjusted 2.31-fold higher hazard of developing ON compared to controls, and those without any treatment had an adjusted 1.82-fold higher hazard of developing ON compared to controls. Moreover, ON patients had a 1.45-fold higher risk of OSA, and those aged between 45 and 64 years (hazard ratio: 1.76) and male individuals (hazard ratio: 1.55) had highest risk. Our study showed that OSA increased the risk of developing ON after controlling the comorbidities; however, treatment with CPAP did not reduce the risk of ON. Further large population study accessing to medical records about the severity of OSA and treatment for OSA is needed to clarify the efficacy of treatment for OSA in reducing the risk of ON.
Response to 'Evolving M-protein pattern in patients with smoldering multiple myeloma: impact on early progression'
Response to 'Evolving M-protein pattern in patients with smoldering multiple myeloma: impact on early progression', Published online: 25 May 2018; doi:10.1038/s41375-018-0155- ... more
Coppery inks paint an underwater rainbow
Coppery inks paint an underwater rainbow, Published online: 25 May 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-05282-y
Inexpensive version of luminescent pigment shrugs off water. more
Previous studies suggested that MeCP2 competes with linker histone H1, but this hypothesis has never been tested in vivo. Here, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) of Flag-tagged-H1.0 in mouse forebrain excitatory neurons. Unexpectedly, Flag-H1.0 and ... more
Olympus Microscopy has partnered with the Nature Publishing Group to present the Neurotechniques Collection. This compilation of articles will draw together some of the groundbreaking research that has recently been published in Nature Reviews Neuroscience and Nature Methods. Sponsored by O ... more