IKKα deficiency disrupts the development of marginal zone and follicular B cells
Only few genes have been confidently identified to be involved in the Follicular (FO) and Marginal Zone (MZ) B cell differentiation, migration, and retention in the periphery. Our group previously observed that IKKα kinase inactive mutant mice IKKα
have significantly lower number of MZ B cells whereas FO B cell numbers appeared relatively normal. Because kinase dead IKKα can retain some of its biological functions that may interfere in revealing its actual role in the MZ and FO B cell differentiation. Therefore, in the current study, we genetically deleted IKKα from the pro-B cell lineage that revealed novel functions of IKKα in the MZ and FO B lymphocyte development. The loss of IKKα produces a significant decline in the percentage of immature B lymphocytes, mature marginal zone B cells, and follicular B cells along with a severe disruption of splenic architecture of marginal and follicular zones. IKKα deficiency affect the recirculation of mature B cells through bone marrow. A transplant of IKKα knockout fetal liver cells into Rag−/− mice shows a significant reduction compared to control in the B cells recirculating through bone marrow. To reveal the genes important in the B cell migration, a high throughput gene expression analysis was performed on the IKKα deficient recirculating mature B cells (B220+IgMhi). That revealed significant changes in the expression of genes involved in the B lymphocyte survival, homing and migration. And several among those genes identified belong to G protein family. Taken together, this study demonstrates that IKKα forms a vial axis controlling the genes involved in MZ and FO B cell differentiation and migration.
Mumtaz Y. Balkhi; Jami Willette-Brown; Gabor Wittmann; Yinling Hu
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Previous studies suggested that MeCP2 competes with linker histone H1, but this hypothesis has never been tested in vivo. Here, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) of Flag-tagged-H1.0 in mouse forebrain excitatory neurons. Unexpectedly, Flag-H1.0 and ... more
Olympus Microscopy has partnered with the Nature Publishing Group to present the Neurotechniques Collection. This compilation of articles will draw together some of the groundbreaking research that has recently been published in Nature Reviews Neuroscience and Nature Methods. Sponsored by O ... more