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Effect of pH and leucine concentration on aerosolization properties of carrier-free formulations of levofloxacin

Publication date:

Available online 2 March 2018


Source:European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Author(s): Ahmadreza Barazesh, Kambiz Gilani, Mohammadreza Rouini, Mohammad Ali Barghi

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of leucine at different pH values preferred for inhalation on particle characteristics and aerosolization performance of spray dried carrier-free formulations of levofloxacin. A full factorial design was applied to optimize the formulation containing levofloxacin with or without leucine in different pH values and the optimum condition was determined. Particle size and morphology, crystallinity state, electrostatic charge and surface composition of the particles were determined. Aerodynamic properties of the powders were also assessed by an Andersen cascade impactor after aerosolization through an Aerolizer® at an air flow rate of 60 L/min. The pH of initial solution affected various physical properties of the drug containing particles and hence their in vitro deposition. The profound effect of pH was on water content, electrostatic charge and surface composition of the particles. The negative effect of water content on in vitro deposition of the drug was covered by preferred surface accumulation of leucine at pH 6. Optimum formulation which obtained by co-spray drying of the drug with 21.79% leucine at pH 5.98 presented a fine particle fraction equal to 54.38. In conclusion, changing pH of the initial solution influenced the effect of leucine on aerosolization of levofloxacine spray dried particles by modification of their physical properties.
Graphical abstract




Authors:   Author(s): Ahmadreza Barazesh, Kambiz Gilani, Mohammadreza Rouini, Mohammad Ali Barghi
Journal:   European Journal of Pharmaceutical Science
Volume:   118
Year:   2018
Pages:   13
DOI:   10.1016/j.ejps.2018.03.002
Publication date:   13-May-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • particles
  • leucine
  • solution
  • inhalation
  • flow
  • deposition
  • crystallinity
  • Andersen
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