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Ibrutinib for bridging to allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia or mantle cell lymphoma: a study by the EBMT Chronic Malignancies and Lymphoma Working Parties

The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) in patients pre-treated with ibrutinib. Eligible were patients aged >18 years allotransplanted for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) after prior exposure to ibrutinib who were registered with the EBMT registry. Seventy patients (CLL 48, MCL 22) were included. At the time of alloHCT, 73% of the patients were ibrutinib responsive. All patients except one engrafted, and acute GVHD grade 2–4 (3–4) was observed in 49% (12%) of 68 evaluable patients. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 54% 1 year after transplant. In the CLL group, 12-month non-relapse mortality, relapse incidence (RI), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were 10, 30, 60, and 72%, respectively, and in the MCL group 5, 19, 76, and 86%, respectively. Pre-transplant ibrutinib failure and poor performance status predicted inferior RI, PFS and OS in the CLL group. In conclusion, ibrutinib does not affect the safety of a subsequent alloHCT. While the relatively high post-transplant relapse risk in ibrutinib-exposed patients with CLL deserves further study, in patients with MCL consolidating disease responses to ibrutinib with alloHCT seems to be a promising option.

Authors:   Peter Dreger; Mauricette Michallet; Paul Bosman; Sascha Dietrich; Mohamad Sobh; Ariane Boumendil; Arnon Nagler; Christof Scheid; Jan Cornelissen; Dietger Niederwieser; Lutz Müller; Elizabeth Vandenberghe; Ilaria Scortechini; Helene Schoemans; Niels S. Andersen; Jürgen Finke; Domenico Russo; Per Ljungman; Jakob Passweg; Michel Gelder; Nadira Durakovic; Helene Labussiere-Wallet; Tobias Berg; Gerald Wulf; Wolfgang Bethge; Donald Bunjes; Stefan Stilgenbauer; Maria Elisa Canepari; Michel Schaap; Christopher P. Fox; Nicolaus Kröger; Silvia Montoto; Johannes Schetelig
Journal:   Bone Marrow Transplantation
Year:   2018
Pages:   1
DOI:   10.1038/s41409-018-0207-4
Publication date:   04-May-2018
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  • ibrutinib
  • safety
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