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Phenotypic heterogeneity of ZMPSTE24 deficiency

A 4‐year‐old girl was referred to the Undiagnosed Diseases Network with a history of short stature, thin and translucent skin, macrocephaly, small hands, and camptodactyly. She had been diagnosed with possible Hallerman–Streiff syndrome. Her evaluation showed that she was mosaic for uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 1, which harbored a pathogenic c.1077dupT variant in ZMPSTE24 which predicts p.(Leu362fsX18). ZMPSTE24 is a zinc metalloproteinase that is involved in processing farnesylated proteins and pathogenic ZMPSTE24 variants cause accumulation of abnormal farnesylated forms of prelamin A. This, in turn, causes a spectrum of disease severity which is based on enzyme activity. The current patient has an intermediate form, which is a genocopy of severe Progeria.

Authors:   Thomas A. Cassini, Amy K. Robertson, Anna G. Bican, Joy D. Cogan, Vickie L. Hannig, John H. Newman, Rizwan Hamid, John A. Phillips,
Journal:   American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Year:   2018
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/ajmg.a.38493
Publication date:   17-Jan-2018
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