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Clinical Experience of Laboratory Follow‐Up with Non‐Invasive Prenatal Testing Using Cell‐Free Dna and Positive Microdeletion Results in 349 Cases

Abstract Objective

Screening via non‐invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) involving the analysis of cell‐free DNA (cfDNA) from plasma has become readily available to screen for chromosomal and DNA aberrations through maternal blood. This report reviews a laboratory's experience with follow‐up of positive NIPT screens for microdeletions.

Methods

Patients that were screen positive by NIPT for a microdeletion involving 1p, 4p, 5p, 15q, or 22q, who underwent diagnostic studies by either CVS or amniocentesis were evaluated.

Results

The overall Positive Predictive Value (PPV) for 349 patients was 9.2%. When a microdeletion was confirmed, 39.3% of the cases had additional abnormal microarray findings. Unrelated abnormal microarray findings were detected in 11.8% of the patients in whom the screen positive microdeletion was not confirmed. Stretches of homozygosity in the microdeletion were frequently associated with a false positive cfDNA microdeletion result.

Conclusions

Overall, this report reveals that while cfDNA analysis will screen for microdeletions, the PPV is low; in our series it is 9.2%. Therefore, the patient should be counseled according. Confirmatory diagnostic microarray studies are imperative due to the high percentage of false positives and the frequent additional abnormalities not delineated by cfDNA analysis.

Authors:   S. Schwartz, M. Kohan, R. Pasion, P.R. Papenhausen, L.D. Platt
Journal:   Prenatal Diagnosis
Year:   2018
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/pd.5217
Publication date:   16-Jan-2018
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