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Intellectual disability and epilepsy due to the K/L‐mediated Xq28 duplication: Further evidence of a distinct, dosage‐dependent phenotype

Copy number variants of the X‐chromosome are a common cause of X‐linked intellectual disability in males. Duplication of the Xq28 band has been known for over a decade to be the cause of the Lubs X‐linked Mental Retardation Syndrome (OMIM 300620) in males and this duplication has been narrowed to a critical region containing only the genes MECP2 and IRAK1. In 2009, four families with a distal duplication of Xq28 not including MECP2 and mediated by low‐copy repeats (LCRs) designated “K” and “L” were reported with intellectual disability and epilepsy. Duplication of a second more distal region has been described as the cause of the Int22h‐1/Int22h‐2 Mediated Xq28 Duplication Syndrome, characterized by intellectual disability, psychiatric problems, and recurrent infections. We report two additional families possessing the K/L‐mediated Xq28 duplication with affected males having intellectual disability and epilepsy similar to the previously reported phenotype. To our knowledge, this is the second cohort of individuals to be reported with this duplication and therefore supports K/L‐mediated Xq28 duplications as a distinct syndrome.

Authors:   David Isum Ward, Bethany A. Buckley, Eyby Leon, Jullianne Diaz, Margaret Faust Galegos, Sean Hofherr, Amy Feldman Lewanda
Journal:   American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Year:   2018
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/ajmg.a.38524
Publication date:   17-Jan-2018
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