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Three‐generation family with novel contiguous gene deletion on chromosome 2p22 associated with thoracic aortic aneurysm syndrome

Latent transforming growth factor binding proteins (LTBP) are a family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins that play an important role in the regulation of transforming growth factor beta (TGF‐ß) activation. Dysregulation of the TGF‐ß pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inherited disorders predisposing to thoracic aortic aneurysms syndromes (TAAS) including Marfan syndrome (MFS; FBN1) and Loeys–Dietz syndrome (LDS; TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TGFB2, TGFB3, SMAD2, SMAD3). While these syndromes have distinct clinical criteria, they share clinical features including aortic root dilation and musculoskeletal findings. LTBP1 is a component of the TGF‐ß pathway that binds to fibrillin‐1 in the extracellular matrix rendering TGF‐ß inactive. We describe a three‐generation family case series with a heterozygous ∼5.1 Mb novel contiguous gene deletion of chromosome 2p22.3‐p22.2 involving 11 genes, including LTBP1. The deletion has been identified in the proband, father and grandfather, who all have a phenotype consistent with a TAAS. Findings include thoracic aortic dilation, ptosis, malar hypoplasia, high arched palate, retrognathia, pes planus, hindfoot deformity, obstructive sleep apnea, and low truncal tone during childhood with joint laxity that progressed to reduced joint mobility over time. While the three affected individuals did not meet criteria for either MFS or LDS, they shared features of both. Although the deletion includes 11 genes, given the relationship between LTBP1, TGF‐ß, and fibrillin‐1, LTBP1 stands out as one of the possible candidate genes for the clinical syndrome observed in this family. More studies are necessary to evaluate the potential role of LTBP1 in the pathophysiology of TAAS.

Authors:   Bianca Quiñones‐Pérez, Grace E. VanNoy, Meghan C. Towne, Yiping Shen, Michael N. Singh, Pankaj B. Agrawal, Sharon E. Smith
Journal:   American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Year:   2018
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/ajmg.a.38590
Publication date:   19-Jan-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • genes
  • extracellular matrix
  • stands
  • aortic aneurysms
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