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Spectrum of bone marrow pathology and hematological abnormalities in methylmalonic acidemia

Patients with isolated methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) may present with a wide range of hematological complications including anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and pancytopenia. However, there are very limited data on the development of hemophagocytosis or myelodysplasia in these patients. We report three patients with isolated MUT related MMA who presented with severe refractory pancytopenia during acute illness. Their bone marrow examination revealed a wide spectrum of pathology varying from bone marrow hypoplasia, hemophagocytosis to myelodysplasia with ring sideroblasts. We discuss their management and outcome. This report emphasizes the need for bone marrow examination in these patients with refractory or unexplained severe cytopenia, to confirm bone marrow pathology, and to rule out other diseases with similar clinical presentation for a better clinical outcome.

Authors:   Nasir A. Bakshi, Talal Al‐Anzi, Said Y. Mohamed, Zuhair Rahbeeni, Moeen AlSayed, Mohammed Al‐Owain, Raashda A. Sulaiman
Journal:   American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Year:   2018
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/ajmg.a.38599
Publication date:   13-Jan-2018
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