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153 Aktuelle Fachpublikationen zum Thema Medizin

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In This Issue [This Week in PNAS]

12.06.2018 | National Academy of Sciences, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2018

Dwarf mongooses. Image courtesy of Shannon Wild (photographer). Social animals exchange services, such as grooming, in return for others, such as enabling access to food and mates and warding off rival groups. However, whether nonhuman animals reciprocate based on a memory of recent ...

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Urbanization and the gut microbiota in health and inflammatory bowel disease

18.04.2018 | Tao Zuo; Michael A. Kamm; Jean-Frédéric Colombel; Siew C. Ng, Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 2018

In the 21st century, urbanization represents a major demographic shift in developed and developing countries. Rapid urbanization in the developing world has been associated with an increasing incidence of several autoimmune diseases, including IBD. Patients with IBD exhibit a decrease in the ...

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Validated measurements of microbial loads on environmental surfaces in intensive care units before and after disinfecting cleaning

19.12.2017 | Hagen Frickmann, Sebastian Bachert, Philipp Warnke, Andreas Podbielski, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2017

Abstract Aims Pre‐analytic aspects can make results of hygiene studies difficult to compare. Efficacy of surface disinfection was assessed with an evaluated swabbing procedure. Methods and Results A validated microbial screening of surfaces was performed in the patients’ environment ...

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Biofilm Formation and Its Relationship with the Molecular Characteristics of Food‐Related Methicillin‐Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

11.09.2017 | Alberto Vergara, Giovanni Normanno, Pierluigi Di Ciccio, Francesca Pedonese, Roberta Nuvoloni, Antonio Parisi, Gianf ..., Journal of Food Science, 2017

Abstract The capability to produce biofilm is an important persistence and dissemination mechanism of some foodborne bacteria. This paper investigates the relationship between some molecular characteristics (SCCmec, ST, spa‐type, agr‐type, cna, sarA, icaA, icaD, clfA, fnbA, fnbB, hla, hlb) of ...

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Bactericidal Efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide‐Based Disinfectants Against Gram‐Positive and Gram‐Negative Bacteria on Stainless Steel Surfaces

23.08.2017 | Abel G. Ríos‐Castillo, Fabián González‐Rivas, José J. Rodríguez‐Jerez, Journal of Food Science, 2017

Abstract In order to develop disinfectant formulations that leverage the effectiveness of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), this study evaluated the bactericidal efficacy of hydrogen peroxide‐based disinfectants against Gram‐positive and Gram‐negative bacteria on stainless steel surfaces. Low ...

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Commercialized machine for soaking and slicing peanuts to induce resveratrol production

14.08.2017 | Jain‐Song Ju, Journal of Food Process Engineering, 2017

Abstract Resveratrol is a type of phytoalexin produced by several plants in response to injury. Peanuts have been discovered to contain more resveratrol once they have been sliced. In this study, we developed a machine for automatically soaking, slicing, and incubating peanut kernels to ...

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Rhamnolipids and Lactonic Sophorolipids: Natural antimicrobial surfactants for oral hygiene

02.08.2017 | M. Elshikh, I. Moya‐Ramírez, H. Moens, S. Roelants, W. Soetaert, R. Marchant, I. M. Banat, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2017

Abstract Aims To assess the efficacy of rhamnolipid (mixture of mono‐ and di‐rhamnolipid congeners, purified monorhamnolipid, dirhamnolipid and lactonic sophorolipid biosurfactants against pathogens important for oral hygiene. Methods and Results Acquired and produced biosurfactants ...

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Residential Bacteria on Surfaces in the Food Industry and Their Implications for Food Safety and Quality

01.08.2017 | Trond Møretrø, Solveig Langsrud, Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 2017

Abstract Surface hygiene is commonly measured as a part of the quality system of food processing plants, but as the bacteria present are commonly not identified, their roles for food quality and safety are not known. Here, we review the identity of residential bacteria and characteristics ...

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3-D-Fertigung aus regulatorischer Sicht am Beispiel von Levetiracetam

01.08.2017 | Lea Röper, Niels Eckstein, pharmind, 2017

Teil 13-D-Drucktechniken nehmen in vielen Industriezweigen eine wichtige Rolle ein und haben sich in verschiedenen Bereichen als Fertigungsmethode etabliert. In der pharmazeutischen Industrie wird diese Technologie bisher wenig eingesetzt. In diesem Artikel werden die Vor- und Nachteile sowie die ...

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Hygiene: microbial strategies to reduce pathogens and drug resistance in clinical settings

05.07.2017 | Elisabetta Caselli, Microbial Biotechnology, 2017

Summary Healthcare‐associated infections (HAIs) are a global concern, affecting all western hospitals, and profoundly impairing the clinical outcome of up to 15% of all hospitalized patients. Persistent microbial contamination of hospital surfaces has been suggested to contribute to HAIs ...

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