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Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are heterogeneous disorders in which the safety margin of neuromuscular transmission is impaired by one or more specific mechanisms. Since the advent of next‐generation sequencing methods, the discovery of novel CMS targets and phenotypes has proceeded at an accelerated rate. Here, we review the current classification of CMS and describe our findings in five of these targets identified and investigated in our laboratory in the past 5 years. Defects in LRP4 hinder synaptic development and maintenance; the defects in PREPL are predicted to diminish filling of the synaptic vesicle with acetylcholine; and defects in SNAP25, Munc13‐1, and synaptotbrevin‐1 impede synaptic vesicle exocytosis.
Abstract The single radial immunodiffusion assay has been the accepted method for determining the potency of inactivated influenza vaccines since 1978. The world‐wide adoption of this assay for vaccine standardisation was facilitated through collaborative studies that demonstrated a high ... mehr
Abstract Background Whether morbidity from the 1918‐19 influenza pandemic discriminated by socioeconomic status has remained a subject of debate for 100 years. In lack of data to study this issue recent literature have hypothesized that morbidity was “socially neutral”. Objectives ... mehr