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Denture adhesives are designed to be moisture‐sensitive through the inclusion of a blend of polymer salts with varying degrees of water‐sensitivity. This enables the adhesive to mix with saliva in vivo and activate its high tack, through the formation of a mucilaginous layer. We report for the first time, the use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to study a series of hydrophobic and hydrophilic polymeric systems in order to correlate water‐structuring behavior with adhesion strength. Adhesive bonding of the more hydrophobic variants was higher than that of a commercial‐based control and a more hydrophilic polymer system in both lap shear and tensile configurations. Water‐binding data suggested that increasing the hydrophobicity of the maleic acid copolymer substituents led to decreased levels of freezing water. In comparison, increasing the hydrophilic nature of the polymer backbone gave higher levels of freezing water within the hydrated samples. The results of this study emphasize the importance of varying the levels of hydrophobic and hydrophilic components within denture adhesive formulations, alongside the types of water present within the adhesive systems. This phenomenon has shown the potential to fine‐tune the adhesive properties and failure mode against poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA, surfaces. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Abstract The single radial immunodiffusion assay has been the accepted method for determining the potency of inactivated influenza vaccines since 1978. The world‐wide adoption of this assay for vaccine standardisation was facilitated through collaborative studies that demonstrated a high ... mehr
Abstract Background Whether morbidity from the 1918‐19 influenza pandemic discriminated by socioeconomic status has remained a subject of debate for 100 years. In lack of data to study this issue recent literature have hypothesized that morbidity was “socially neutral”. Objectives ... mehr