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Omics-Based Platform for Studying Chemical Toxicity Using Stem Cells

The new strategy for chemical toxicity testing and modeling is to use in vitro human cell-based assays in conjunction with quantitative high-throughput screening (qHTS) technology, to identify molecular mechanisms and predict in vivo responses. Stem cells are more physiologically relevant than immortalized cell lines because of their unique proliferation and differentiation potentials. We established a robust two stem cells-two lineages assay system, encompassing human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) along osteogenesis and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) along hepatogenesis. We performed qHTS phenotypic screening of LOPAC1280 and identified 38 preliminary hits for hMSCs. This was followed by validation of a selected number of hits and determination of their IC50 values and mechanistic studies of idarubicin and cantharidin treatments using proteomics and bioinformatics. In general, hiPSCs were more sensitive than hMSCs to chemicals, and differentiated progenies were less sensitive than their p...

Autoren:   Yan Han; Jinghua Zhao; Ruili Huang; Menghang Xia; Daojing Wang
Journal:   Journal of Proteome Research
Jahrgang:   2017
DOI:   10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00693
Erscheinungsdatum:   20.12.2017
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