Purpose Pluronic F-127 (PF127) has previously shown to prolong the sustained release of various proteinous drugs and their serum half-lives. Subsequently, we have extended this approach to look at in vitro release, in vivo efficacy and pharmacokinetics of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). Methods Various concentrations of PF127 gels were prepared using cold method. In vitro drug release kinetic studies were performed using membraneless dissolution method. Stability of IL-1Ra was assessed by SDS-PAGE. In vivo studies and in vivo bioactivity of IL-1Ra were also performed on wistar rats. Results IL-1Ra loaded PF127 gels showed in vitro sustained release of IL-1Ra, depending on the concentration of gel used. SDS-PAGE confirmed the stability of protein during its in vitro release. PF127 gel also exhibited prolonged release of IL-1Ra in rats as compared to that of IL-1Ra aq. solution. In vivo bioactivity of IL-1Ra loaded in gel was confirmed by its ability to inhibit IL-1β-stimulated induction of IL-6. Conclusions When compared directly, IL-1Ra loaded PF127 gel exhibited prolonged in vitro and in vivo release, greater efficacy to induce hypoglycemia and inhibited IL-1β-stimulated production of IL-6 as compared to IL-1Ra aq. solution. We believe that this methodology for sustained delivery of IL-1Ra probably be suitable for the convenience of patients to achieve desired therapeutic potentials without exceeding dose limits and frequent administration.
Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash, Kanwal Rehman, Ni Li, Jian-Qing Gao, Hongying Sun, Shuqing Chen
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Univers ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more