Protoplast fusion between sweet orange and mandarin/mandarin hybrids scion cultivars was performed following the model “diploid embryogenic callus protoplast + diploid mesophyll-derived protoplast”. Protoplasts were isolated from embryogenic calli of ‘Pera’ and ‘Westin’ sweet orange cultivars (Citrus sinensis) and from young leaves of ‘Fremont’, Nules’, and ‘Thomas’ mandarins (C. reticulata), and ‘Nova’ tangelo [C. reticulata × (C. paradisi × C. reticulata)]. The regenerated plants were characterized based on their leaf morphology (thickness), ploidy level, and simple sequence repeat (SSR) molecular markers. Plants were successfully generated only when ‘Pera’ sweet orange was used as the embryogenic parent. Fifteen plants were regenerated being 7 tetraploid and 8 diploid. Based on SSR molecular markers analyses all 7 tetraploid regenerated plants revealed to be allotetraploids (somatic hybrids), including 2 from the combination of ‘Pera’ sweet orange + ‘Fremont’ mandarin, 3 ‘Pera’ sweet orange + ‘Nules’ mandarin, and 2 ‘Pera’ sweet orange + ‘Nova’ tangelo, and all the diploid regenerated plants showed the ‘Pera’ sweet orange marker profile. Somatic hybrids were inoculated with Alternaria alternata and no disease symptoms were detected 96 h post-inoculation. This hybrid material has the potential to be used as a tetraploid parent in interploid crosses for citrus scion breeding.
Leonardo Soriano, Francisco de Assis Alves Mourão Filho, Luis Eduardo Aranha Camargo, Mariangela Cristofani-Yaly, Rodrigo Rocha Latado, Camila de Andrade Pacheco, Fernando Alves de Azevedo, Beatriz Madalena Januzzi Mendes
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Univers ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more