A total of 145 Escherichia coli strains causing pyelonephritis in children were investigated for the prevalence of genes encoding the following virulence factors (VFs): P fimbria (67.6 %), S fimbria (53.8 %), AFA adhesins (2.8 %), cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 (37.9 %), α-hemolysin (41.4 %), and aerobactin (71.7 %). One hundred and thirty-six (93.8 %) isolates harbored at least one of the virulence genes detected in the present study. Statistically significant co-occurrent presence of two VF genes was found for α-hly–cnf1, α-hly–sfa, cnf1–sfa (p < 0.001), and α-hly–pap (p = 0.001). Twenty-six profiles of VF genes were detected in this study. The combinations of aer–pap and aer–pap–sfa–α-hly–cnf1 were presented with the highest frequency—both of them in 28 isolates (19.3 %). All E. coli strains included in the study were susceptible to meropenem, amikacin, and tobramycin; the highest frequency resistance was found toward ampicillin (43.4 %), piperacillin (31.7 %), tetracycline (15.9 %), and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (11.7 %). The resistance to the other tested antimicrobial drugs did not exceed 3 % incidence. Overall, 55.9 % strains were susceptible to all tested anti-infective agents. Antimicrobial resistance of E. coli strains toward trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole statistically significantly correlated with the presence of α-hly (p < 0.001), sfa (p < 0.01), and cnf1 (p < 0.05).
Ján Koreň, Katarína Čurová, Marta Kmeťová, Leonard Siegfried, Viktor Jankó, László Kovács, Helena Hupková, Ján Luha
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Univers ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more