Chelates are an important part of metal based radiopharmaceuticals. This study examines the possible application of phosphonate ester moieties incorporated into chelates, where the ester group can be changed to modulate the pharmacokinetics of the radiopharmaceutical, while the phosphonate stably binds the metal radioisotope. Two phosphonate ester containing chelates, PCTMB and PCTM(F)E, were compared to the carboxylate containing analogue, p-Bn-PCTA, with respect to radiochemistry with several radionuclides (In-111, Ga-68, Ga-67, Cu-64). The phosphonate ester derivatives were similar to p-Bn-PCTA with respect to efficient radiolabeling with each of the radiometals under mild, aqueous conditions. Each of the radiolabeled phosphonate esters was also shown to be stable under physiological conditions in vitro. The phosphonate ester moieties did exhibit a propensity to degrade under more acidic conditions. Biodistribution studies in mice with the In-111 radiolabeled versions of PCTMB, PCTM(F)E and p-Bn-PCTA d...
Cara L. Ferreira; Ian Holley; Corinne Bensimon; Paul Jurek; Garry E. Kiefer
The successful applicability of gene therapy approaches will heavily rely on the development of efficient and safe nonviral gene delivery vectors, for example, cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs). CPPs can condense oligonucleotides and plasmid DNA (pDNA) into nanoparticles, thus allowing the t ... more
Dendrimers feature a defined number of terminal groups that may bind RNA or be functionalized with bioactive molecules. These competing uses of terminal groups may create an impasse if the requisite density of ligands depletes the number of terminal groups for binding sufficient RNA, or vic ... more
The development of clay bionanocomposites requires processing routes with nanostructural control. Moreover, moisture durability is a concern with water-soluble biopolymers. Here, oriented bionanocomposite coatings with strong in-plane orientation of clay platelets are for the first time pre ... more
Scientists are reporting discovery of a potential biochemical basis for the apparent cancer-fighting ability of broccoli and its veggie cousins. They found for the first time that certain substances in the vegetables appear to target and block a defective gene associated with cancer. Their ... more
Scientists in Japan are reporting development of a faster, less expensive version of the fabled polymerase chain reaction (PCR) a DNA test widely used in criminal investigations, disease diagnosis, biological research and other applications. The new method could lead to expanded use of PCR ... more
Researchers at Rice University in Texas have developed a new approach to fighting cancer, based on nanoscale particles that can both detect and destroy cancerous cells. The report appears in the American Chemical Society's journal Nano Letters. Current molecular imaging approaches only dete ... more