In previous research, a thiamine-auxotrophic yeast for alpha-ketoglutaric acid (KGA) overproduction was screened in our laboratory and named Yarrowia lipolytica WSH-Z06 (CCTCC no. M207143). However, the high concentration of by-products (mainly pyruvate) limited its application on an industrial scale. To enhance KGA production and reduce pyruvate (PA) accumulation, the pyruvate carboxylation pathway was regulated. By overexpressing the pyruvate carboxylase genes ScPYC1 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and RoPYC2 from Rhizopus oryzae in Y. lipolytica WSH-Z06, the yields of KGA in Y. lipolytica-ScPYC1 and Y. lipolytica-RoPYC2 increased by 24.5 and 35.3 %, and the yields of PA decreased by 51.9 and 69.8 % in shake flasks, respectively. These changes in the expression levels and activities of key intracellular enzymes showed that enhancing the pyruvate carboxylation pathway had successfully redistributed the carbon flux from PA to KGA. Finally, by controlling the pH in a 3-L fermenter, the maximum concentration of KGA in Y. lipolytica-RoPYC2 reached 62.5 g L−1 with an evident decrease in PA yield from 35.2 to 13.5 g L−1.
Xiaoxia Yin, Catherine Madzak, Guocheng Du, Jingwen Zhou, Jian Chen
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Univers ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more