The aim of the present study is to synthesize new mannosylated dextran derivative that can be labeled with Tc-99m for potential use in sentinel lymph node detection (SLND). The compound was designed to have a dextran with molecular weight of 10 kDa as a backbone, mannose for binding to mannose receptors of the lymph node and S-derivatized cysteine as a suitable chelator for labeling with [99mTc(H2O)3(CO)3]+ precursor. Reaction of allyl bromide with dextran (MW 11800) yielded the intermediate allyl-dextran (1) with about 40% coupling. Addition of cysteine to allyl-dextran resulted in the S-derivatized cysteine, compound DC15 (2). The final product DCM20 (3) was obtained in good yield after in situ hydrolysis and activation of cyanomethyl tetraacetyl-1-thio-d-mannopyranoside and coupling to DC15. All derivatives were purified by ultrafiltration and characterized by NMR. DC15 and DCM20 were quantitatively labeled with 99mTc (>95% radiochemical purity) using the fac-[99mTc(OH2)3(CO)3]+ precursor and ligand co...
I. Pirmettis; Y. Arano; T. Tsotakos; K. Okada; A. Yamaguchi; T. Uehara; M. Morais; J. D. G. Correia; I. Santos; M. Martins; S. Pereira; C. Triantis; P. Kyprianidou; M. Pelecanou; M. Papadopoulos
The successful applicability of gene therapy approaches will heavily rely on the development of efficient and safe nonviral gene delivery vectors, for example, cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs). CPPs can condense oligonucleotides and plasmid DNA (pDNA) into nanoparticles, thus allowing the t ... more
Dendrimers feature a defined number of terminal groups that may bind RNA or be functionalized with bioactive molecules. These competing uses of terminal groups may create an impasse if the requisite density of ligands depletes the number of terminal groups for binding sufficient RNA, or vic ... more
The development of clay bionanocomposites requires processing routes with nanostructural control. Moreover, moisture durability is a concern with water-soluble biopolymers. Here, oriented bionanocomposite coatings with strong in-plane orientation of clay platelets are for the first time pre ... more
Scientists are reporting discovery of a potential biochemical basis for the apparent cancer-fighting ability of broccoli and its veggie cousins. They found for the first time that certain substances in the vegetables appear to target and block a defective gene associated with cancer. Their ... more
Scientists in Japan are reporting development of a faster, less expensive version of the fabled polymerase chain reaction (PCR) a DNA test widely used in criminal investigations, disease diagnosis, biological research and other applications. The new method could lead to expanded use of PCR ... more
Researchers at Rice University in Texas have developed a new approach to fighting cancer, based on nanoscale particles that can both detect and destroy cancerous cells. The report appears in the American Chemical Society's journal Nano Letters. Current molecular imaging approaches only dete ... more