Genomic imprinting is one of the key epigenetic phenomena involved in embryonic development of eutherians and humans. Molecular mechanisms of imprinting disturbances in the pathology of prenatal and postnatal onthogenesis are to a great extent related to methylation abnormalities of the imprinted genes. Over recent years, data are accumulating on multiple abnormalities of methylation simultaneously in several imprinted loci in the development of various pathologies that raises the issue of deciphering the structural and functional organization of imprintome and the interaction of imprinted genes. The present work analyzes DNA methylation of 51 imprinted genes in the placental tissues of human spontaneous abortions. We revealed multiple epimutations in from four to 12 imprinted genes in every embryo. Most of the epimutations (78%) were of a postzygotic origin. It has been established for the first time that the total incidence of methylation disturbance in maternal and paternal alleles of the imprinted genes leading to embryo development suppression is significantly higher than the incidence of epimutations, which stimulate embryogenesis. This fact supports at the epigenetic level the hypothesis of parent-offspring conflict that describes the occurrence of a monoallelic expression of imprinted genes in mammalian evolution.
E. A. Sazhenova, N. A. Skryabin, N. N. Sukhanova, I. N. Lebedev
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Univers ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more