Remote neuronal degeneration and death/injury, which often occur in regions remote but functionally connected to the primary lesion site, may play a pivotal role in extending neuronal damage/dysfunction following traumatic brain injury, stroke, or peripheral nerve injury, as well as in chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Even though the precise mechanisms of remote neuronal injury are poorly understood and no efficacious treatment options are available, it involves glial activation, inflammation, oxidative/nitrative stress, and apoptotic cell death. The newly discovered endocannabinoid signaling system consisting of endocannabinoids (endogenous bioactive lipid mediators), their synthetic and metabolizing enzymes, and their primary G protein-coupled cannabinoid 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2) receptors has been implicated in the regulation of numerous physiological and pathological processes/functions, including those associated with neurodegeneration. Using a well-characterized rodent model of remote neuronal degeneration, Oddi et al. (J Mol Med 2012, in press, DOI 10.1007/s00109-012-0884-1) have demonstrated that targeting CB2 cannabinoid receptors may represent a promising novel approach to attenuate this pathological process. This editorial discusses the clinical significance of these interesting observations and the mechanisms of the possible interplay of CB2 receptors with nitric oxide synthases, oxidative and nitrative stress, and cell death during remote neurodegeneration.
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Univers ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more