The 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) is thought to protect the brain from a variety of insults. Although the mechanism has been largely limited to its chaperone functions, recent work indicates that Hsp70 also modulates inflammatory pathways. Brain injury and ischemia are associated with an immune response that is largely innate. Hsp70 appears to suppress this response and lead to improved neurological outcome. However, most of this work has relied on the use of genetic mutant models or Hsp70 overexpression using gene transfer or heat stress, thus limiting its translational utility. A few compounds have been studied by various disciplines which, through their ability to inhibit Hsp90, can cause induction of Hsp70. The investigation of Hsp70-inducing pharmacological compounds has obvious clinical implications in terms of potential therapies to mitigate neuroinflammation and lead to neuroprotection from stroke or traumatic brain injury. This review will focus on the inflammation modulating properties of Hsp70, and the current literature surrounding the pharmacological induction in acute neurological injury models with comments on potential applications at the clinical level.
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis
Content Type Journal Article
Category Research Note
RAJESH G. KUMAR, Department of Genetics, Osmania Univers ... more
A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. Kaghzi Kalan) using nodal explants. The maximum shoot regeneration was observed on low level of BAP (0.1 mg l−1) or kinetin (0.5 mg l−1). BA was recorded to be better than kinetin in terms of ... more
The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity, kinetic behavior, and thermal inactivation kinetics of peroxidase (POD) in aqueous extracts from two kinds of milk ripe stage corn, sweet corn and waxy corn. Optimum activities using guaiacol as the hydrogen donor were obtained for s ... more