Individual studies of the associations between excision repair cross-complimentary group 1 (ERCC1) polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility have shown inconclusive results. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship between three well-characterised polymorphisms on ERCC1 and the risk of cancer, we performed a meta-analysis based on 48 publications. We used odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to assess the strength of the associations. We found that ERCC1 17677A (rs3212961) variant genotypes were associated with significantly increased overall risk of cancer without substantial heterogeneity (AA versus CC, OR = 1.36, 95% CIs: 1.10–1.68; AC versus CC: OR = 1.11, 95% CIs: 0.99–1.26; dominant comparison: AA/AC versus CC: OR = 1.15, 95% CIs: 1.02–1.29; recessive comparison: AA versus AC/CC: OR = 1.25, 95% CIs: 1.05–1.49). The ERCC1 19007 C (rs11615) allele had null effects on overall risk of cancer; but in the stratified analyses, we observed an elevated association in Asian populations with homozygote variants and hospital-based controls. In addition, during further stratified analyses of cancer groups, homozygote variants were found that are associated with lung cancer and smoking-related cancers. Also, the observed ERCC1 19007 C heterozygote variant contributes to the development of skin cancer. However, the ERCC1 8092C > A (rs3212986) polymorphism did not appear to have an effect on cancer risk. Additionally, no evidence of publication bias was observed in these polymorphisms. Our meta-analysis supports the conclusion that the ERCC1 17677A > C and ERCC1 19007T > C polymorphisms, but not the ERCC1 8092C > A polymorphism, are low-penetrance risk factors for cancer development.
Bacterial heat-labile (LT) enterotoxins signal through tightly regulated interactions with host cell gangliosides. LT-IIa and LT-IIb of Escherichia coli bind preferentially to gangliosides with a NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc terminus, with key distinctions in specificity. LT-IIc, a newly discove ... more
Phosphate deficiency is characteristic for many natural habitats, resulting in different physiological responses in plants and bacteria including the replacement of phospholipids by glycolipids and other phosphorous-free lipids. The plant pathogenic bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens, whi ... more
A tryptophan side chain was introduced into subsite +1 of family GH-18 (class V) chitinases from Nicotiana tabacum and Arabidopsis thaliana (NtChiV and AtChiC, respectively) by the mutation of a glycine residue to tryptophan (G74W-NtChiV and G75W-AtChiC). The specific activity toward glyco ... more