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48 Current news of Ruhr-Universität Bochum

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Synthesis of hydrogen: Enzymes assemble themselves in the test tube

01-Jun-2016

Researchers from Bochum have engineered a hydrogen-producing enzyme in the test tube that works as efficiently as the original. The protein - a so-called hydrogenase from green algae - is made up of a protein scaffold and a cofactor. The latter is the reaction centre where the substances that ...

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Novel optogenetic tool

Switching specific G-protein-coupled signalling pathways on and off

12-Apr-2016

Blue on, yellow off: using different-coloured light, researchers are able to switch signalling pathways in the brain on and off. Researchers in Bochum have utilised light-sensitive proteins from nerve cells of the eye – so-called melanopsins – to switch on specific signalling pathways in brain ...

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Researchers use cyanobacteria for the production of chemicals

Sustainable chemical processes

01-Apr-2016

In order to manufacture chemical products in the industry, a high energy input is required, which consumes mainly our fossil resources. At RUB, two scientists are researching into a resource-efficient and, consequently, sustainable approach. Prof Dr Robert Kourist from the junior research group ...

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Biomolecule’s behaviour under artificial conditions more natural than expected

Comparing cell and test tube

04-Feb-2016

Researchers often analyse isolated biomolecules in test tubes, and it is doubtful if the results can be applied to densely-packed cells. A team from Bochum, Dortmund and Greifswald monitored the folding of an RNA structure in the living cell and compared the results with those of test tube ...

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Alzheimer risk impairs “satnav” function of the brain

Altered activation pattern in entorhinal cortex in young risk carriers

26-Oct-2015

Young adults with genetically increased Alzheimer’s risk have altered activation patterns in a brain region that is crucial for spatial navigation. This is reported by the team headed by Prof Nikolai Axmacher from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum, together with colleagues from the universities of ...

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Protein reactions identified with subatomic resolution

08-Oct-2015

Using subatomic resolution, researchers have gained insights into the dynamic modus operandi of two switch proteins which are responsible for the import of compounds into the nucleus and for cell growth. The team headed by Prof Dr Klaus Gerwert from the Department of Biophysics at the ...

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Turkish whistling makes asymmetries in the brain disappear

19-Aug-2015

Researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have debunked the theory that the left brain hemisphere is dominant in the processing of all languages. To date, it has been assumed that that dominance is not determined by the physical structure of a given language. However, the biopsychologists have ...

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Assessing quality of flowing waters with DNA analyses

Organisms in streams and rivers shed light on quality of waters

10-Jul-2015

The quality of waters can be assessed using of the organisms occurring therein. This approach often results in errors, because many species look alike. Therefore, new methods focus on DNA analyses instead. Biologists at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have optimised the process so that they are ...

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Detecting lung cancer at an early stage

Marker-free, automatic procedure facilitates prognosis regarding tumour aggressiveness

22-Apr-2015

A new diagnostic method, namely spectral histopathology, facilitates marker-free detection of individual subtypes of lung cancers. It was developed by researchers at the PURE consortium at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB). They have successfully applied it in collaboration with clinicians at the ...

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Measurable for the first time: How bio molecules react to lack of space

Sensor demonstrates lack of space in living cells

07-Jan-2015

Proteins and other bio molecules are often analysed exclusively in aqueous solutions in test tubes. But it is uncertain if these experimental studies can be transferred to the densely-packed cellular environment. The Bochum-based researchers from the team of Junior Professor Dr Simon Ebbinghaus ...

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