Classification & external resources
Thyroiditis refers to an inflammation of the thyroid gland.
The most common form of thyroiditis is Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
Forms of thyroiditis
- Acute - usually due to infection of bacterial origin.
Usual suspects are Streptococci, Staphylococci, Escherichia coli, anaerobic bacteria. Usually rare.
Clinically manifests as pain and swelling in thyroid gland
It's usually caused by virus infections. It's also know as De Quervain's thyroiditis. Clinically manifest as upper breathing tracts infection, and pain in thyroid gland.
Causes hypo or hyperthyroidism
Rare forms of thyroiditis
|Endocrine pathology: endocrine diseases (E00-35, 240-259)|
|Thyroid||Hypothyroidism (Iodine deficiency, Cretinism, Congenital hypothyroidism, Goitre, Myxedema) - Hyperthyroidism (Graves disease, Toxic multinodular goitre, Teratoma with thyroid tissue or Struma ovarii) - Thyroiditis (De Quervain's thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Riedel's thyroiditis) - Euthyroid sick syndrome|
|Pancreas||Diabetes mellitus (type 1, type 2, coma, angiopathy, ketoacidosis, nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy) - Hypoglycemia - Hyperinsulinism - Zollinger-Ellison syndrome|
|Parathyroid||Hypoparathyroidism (Pseudohypoparathyroidism) - Hyperparathyroidism (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary)|
|Pituitary||Hyperpituitarism (Acromegaly, Hyperprolactinaemia, SIADH) - Hypopituitarism (Simmonds' disease/Sheehan's syndrome, Kallmann syndrome, Growth hormone deficiency, Diabetes insipidus) - Adiposogenital dystrophy - Empty sella syndrome|
|Adrenal||Cushing's syndrome (Nelson's syndrome, Pseudo-Cushing's syndrome) - CAH (due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency) - Hyperaldosteronism (Conn syndrome, Bartter syndrome) - Adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease) - Hypoaldosteronism|
|Gonads||ovarian dysfunction (Polycystic ovary syndrome, Premature ovarian failure) - testicular dysfunction (5-alpha-reductase deficiency) - general (Hypogonadism, Delayed puberty, Precocious puberty)|
|Other||Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome - Carcinoid syndrome - Short stature (Laron syndrome, Psychogenic dwarfism) - Gigantism - Androgen insensitivity syndrome - Progeria - Multiple endocrine neoplasia (1, 2)|