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The ridged band is believed to be an anatomically distinct part of the foreskin. John R. Taylor, a Canadian pathologist and medical researcher, first described the ridged band at the Second International Symposium on Circumcision, organized by NOCIRC in San Francisco, 1991, after examining the foreskins of 12 dead infants. The term "ridged band" was subsequently used by Taylor in an anatomical and histological study of the foreskin published in the British Journal of Urology in 1996.
Most or all of the ridged band is removed by circumcision.
Taylor described a transversely-ridged band of mucosal tissue located just inside the tip of the foreskin near the mucocutaneous boundary. He characterized this ridged band as "intensely vascular". He described the band as "richly innervated", stated that it "contains more Meissner's corpuscles than does the smooth mucosa", and noted that these corpuscles were found only in the crests of ridges.
Taylor postulates that "the ridged band with its unique structure, tactile corpuscles and other nerves, is primarily sensory tissue". He hypothesizes that Meissner's corpuscles in the ridged band are adapted to detect stretch:
Taylor theorizes that the main function of the ridged band is to trigger sexual reflexes. In a letter to the editor of BJU International, 2007, Taylor writes:
In the Journal of Sexual Medicine, 2007, Taylor states:
A.M. Viens, a member of the Department of Philosophy, St Anne's College, Oxford University, comments:
Viens also criticized Taylor's methodology, on the grounds that the sample size of cadavers was "extremely small".
The effect of circumcision on sexual function is the subject of intense debate. Taylor's view is that "almost certainly, removal of the prepuce and its ridged band distorts penile reflexogenic functions but exactly how and to what extent still remains to be seen".
For an overview of the issues surrounding male circumcision and sexual function, see Sexual effects of circumcision.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ridged_band". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|