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Otolaryngology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head & neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). A commonly used term for this specialty is ENT (ear, nose and throat). The term comes from the Greek ωτολαρυγγολογία (oto = genitive for ear, laryngo = genitive for larynx/throat, logy = study) and it literally means the study of ear and neck. The full term ωτορινολαρυγγολογία (otorhinolaryngology), also includes rhino, which is the genitive of nose.
Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD,MBBS,MBChB,etc.) or osteopathic doctors (DO) who complete at least five years of surgical residency training. Currently, this comprises one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each. Otolaryngology is considered to be one of the most competitive residency fields to match into.
Following residency training, some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can range from one to three years in duration.
(*Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)
Topics in Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
Rhinology (Sinus diseases and anterior skull base)
Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Otolaryngology". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|