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National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) is one of the National Institutes of Health and part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. It funds and conducts research on topics in the health of children, adults, families, and populations. Some research topics include:
At the request of President John F. Kennedy, the U.S. Congress established the NICHD in 1962. President Kennedy's sister, Eunice Shriver, had been an advocate for the mentally retarded and, with help from the family pediatrician Robert E. Cooke, pushed for research that focused on disorders pertaining to human development. In 1961 Dr. Cooke chaired a task-force on child health and growth; the task-force's report was given to congress, which then established the NICHD the following year.
The mission of the NICHD is to ensure that every person is born healthy and wanted, that women suffer no harmful effects from reproductive processes, and that all children have the chance to achieve their full potential for healthy and productive lives, free from disease or disability, and to ensure the health, productivity, independence, and well-being of all people through optimal rehabilitation.
In 2006, the NICHD issued US$903 million in grants and spent US$359 million on direct operations, which includes intramural research conducted on NIH campuses.  As of June, 2006, the director of the NICHD is Duane Alexander, M.D., who has held this position since 1986. As director, he is obligated to testify in congress and assist on congressional committees.
The NICHD supports extramural research via grants and contracts to places such as major research universities, but it also supports intramural research done on NIH campuses, in particular the Bethesda, Maryland campus, just outside of Washington, D.C..
Division of Intramural Research (DIR)
The DIR is closely concerned with the biological, neurobiological, and medical aspects of normal and abnormal human development. The DIR is divided into basic research, which is more laboratory oriented (many labs use animal models) and clinical research, which involves human patients.
DIR Basic Research
DIR Clinical Research
The Institute's Notable Accomplishments
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "National_Institute_of_Child_Health_and_Human_Development". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|