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Bovine malignant catarrhal fever
Bovine malignant catarrhal fever (BMCF) is a disease caused by alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1) of the family Herpesviridae. The disease is fatal in cattle and other ruminants such as deer, antelope, and buffalo.
The term bovine malignant catarrhal fever has been applied to three different patterns of disease:
Symptoms of BMCF include fever, depression, discharge from the eyes and nose, erosions on the muzzle, swelling of the lymph nodes, opacity of the corneas leading to blindness, and diarrhea. Erosions of the mouth and skin may occur. Some animals have neurologic signs such as ataxia, nystagmus, and head pressing. Death usually occurs within ten days. The mortality rate in symptomatic animals is 90 to 100 percent.
BMCF is diagnosed by history and symptoms. Treatment is supportive only.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bovine_malignant_catarrhal_fever". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|