The involvement of calmodulin in adrenergic and serotoninergic regulation of vascular contractility has been studied. Calmodulin inhibitors trifluoperazine and W-13 suppress vasoconstriction of the rat aorta in response to norepinephrine, serotonin, and serotonin 5HT1A and 5HT2A receptor agonists (8-OH-DPAT and DOI, respectively) and do not affect the vasodilatory effect of 5HT1B, 5HT2B, and 5HT4 receptors. The force of aorta contraction in response to 8-OH-DPAT increases after the activation of calcium entry through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. This effect is not related to nonspecific activation of α1-adrenoceptors, since it is realized in the presence of prazosin. The inhibitor of calmodulin-dependent myosin light chain kinase KN93 decreases the vasoconstrictive response to norepinephrine and serotonin by only 20%. Calmodulin inhibitors slightly decrease aortic constriction in response to endothelin-1, vasopressin, angiotensin II, and KCl. Trifluoperazine does not suppress vasoconstriction induced by the G protein activator AlF4−. It is assumed that the target of trifluoperazine and W-13 is calmodulin interacting directly with α1-adrenoceptors and serotonin (5HT1A and 5HT2A) receptors.
The aim of this study was to verify the contribution of haptic and auditory cues in the quick discrimination of an object mass. Ten subjects had to brake with the right hand the movement of a cup due to the falling impact of an object that could be of two different masses. They were asked t ... mehr
Autonomic functions of the body and gas exchange have been studied in one athlete (master of sports in skiing, aged 27 years, with a maximal oxygen consumption of 67 mL/(min kg)); during a 6-h indoor ultra-marathon race; at an average speed of 2.7 m/s. Continuous monitoring of the heart rat ... mehr
Integral parameters of bacterial lipopolysaccharide concentration and antiendotoxin immunity activity were determined in the blood serum of subjects with two extreme variants of eating disorders: obesity and anorexia nervosa (in its clinical model, long-term starvation). The results of the ... mehr