A good correlation between the expression of mucin1 (MUC1) and T antigen was found in breast cancer tumors and breast cancer cell lines, especially after treatment with neuraminidase. The association between the appearance of T antigen and the overexpression of MUC1 was further confirmed by transfecting MDA-MB-231 cells and murine 4T1 mammary carcinoma cells with cDNA for MUC1 and using an RNAi approach to inhibit the expression of MUC1 gene in T47D cells. Furthermore, we discovered that in 4T1 cells which express the sialyl LeX antigen, overexpression of MUC1 caused not only appearance of T antigen, but also loss of the sialyl LeX structure. As the observed changes in O-glycan synthesis can be associated with changes in the expression of specific glycosyltransferases, core 1 β1,3-galactosyltransferase, core 2 β1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT1) and β-galactoside α2,3-sialyltransferase (ST3Gal I), we studied their expression in parental, vector-transfected and MUC1-transfected MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells as well as T47D cells transduced with small hairpin RNA targeted MUC1 mRNA. It was found that the expression of C2GnT1 and ST3Gal I is highly decreased in MUC1-expressing MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells and increased in T47D cells with suppressed expression of MUC1. Therefore, we found that changes in the structure of O-linked oligosaccharides, resulting in the occurrence of T antigen, are at least partially associated with MUC1 overexpression which down-regulates the expression of C2GnT1 and ST3Gal I. We showed also that the overexpression of MUC1 in 4T1 cells changes their adhesive properties, as MUC1-expressing cells do not adhere to E-selectin, but bind galectin-3.
Alicja Solatycka; Tomasz Owczarek; Friedrich Piller; Véronique Piller; Bartosz Pula; Lukasz Wojciech; Marzena Podhorska-Okolow; Piotr Dziegiel; Maciej Ugorski
Bacterial heat-labile (LT) enterotoxins signal through tightly regulated interactions with host cell gangliosides. LT-IIa and LT-IIb of Escherichia coli bind preferentially to gangliosides with a NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc terminus, with key distinctions in specificity. LT-IIc, a newly discove ... mehr
Phosphate deficiency is characteristic for many natural habitats, resulting in different physiological responses in plants and bacteria including the replacement of phospholipids by glycolipids and other phosphorous-free lipids. The plant pathogenic bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens, whi ... mehr
A tryptophan side chain was introduced into subsite +1 of family GH-18 (class V) chitinases from Nicotiana tabacum and Arabidopsis thaliana (NtChiV and AtChiC, respectively) by the mutation of a glycine residue to tryptophan (G74W-NtChiV and G75W-AtChiC). The specific activity toward glyco ... mehr