A new de novo protein structure prediction method for transmembrane proteins (FILM3) is described that is able to accurately predict the structures of large membrane proteins domains using an ensemble of two secondary structure prediction methods to guide fragment selection in combination with a scoring function based solely on correlated mutations detected in multiple sequence alignments. This approach has been validated by generating models for 28 membrane proteins with a diverse range of complex topologies and an average length of over 300 residues with results showing that TM-scores > 0.5 can be achieved in almost every case following refinement using MODELLER. In one of the most impressive results, a model of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide I was obtained with a TM-score > 0.75 and an rmsd of only 5.7 Å over all 514 residues. These results suggest that FILM3 could be applicable to a wide range of transmembrane proteins of as-yet-unknown 3D structure given sufficient homologous sequences.
The time required to recover from cold-induced paralysis (chill-coma) is a common measure of insect cold tolerance used to test central questions in thermal biology and predict the effects of climate change on insect populations. The onset of chill-coma in the fall field cricket (Gryllus pe ... mehr
Influenza recurs seasonally in temperate regions of the world; however, our ability to predict the timing, duration, and magnitude of local seasonal outbreaks of influenza remains limited. Here we develop a framework for initializing real-time forecasts of seasonal influenza outbreaks, usin ... mehr
Undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPCs) are commonly present with latent EBV infection. However, events regulating EBV infection at early stages of the disease and the role of EBV in disease pathogenesis are largely undefined. Genetic alterations leading to activation of cyclin D1 ... mehr