RNA interference (RNAi) is one of the processes in the cell that regulates mRNA expression levels. RNAi can be exploited to experimentally knockdown the expression of one or more genes in cell lines or even in cells in vivo and also became an interesting tool to develop new therapeutic approaches. One of the major challenges of using RNAi is selecting effective shRNAs or siRNAs that sufficiently down-regulate the expression of the target gene. Here, we describe a system to select functional shRNAs or siRNAs that makes use of the leukemia cell line Ba/F3 that is dependent on the expression of a mutant form of the PDGFRα kinase for its proliferation and survival. The basis of this system is the generation of an expression construct, where part of the open reading frame of the gene of interest is linked to the mutant PDGFRα. Thus, shRNAs or siRNAs that effectively target the gene of interest also result in a reduction of the expression of the mutant PDGFRα protein, which can be detected by a reduction of the proliferation of the cells. We demonstrate that this validation system can be used for the selection of effective siRNAs as well as shRNAs. Unlike other systems, the system described here is not dependent on obtaining high-transduction efficiencies, and nonspecific effects of the siRNAs or shRNAs can be detected by comparing the effects in the presence or absence of the growth factor interleukin-3.
We investigated the role of cholinergic neurotransmission in olfactory fear learning. Mice receiving pairings of odor and foot shock displayed fear to the trained odor the following day. Pretraining injections of the nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine had no effect on subsequent freezing, w ... mehr
In Aplysia, repeated trials of aversive stimuli produce long-term sensitization (LTS) of defensive reflexes and suppression of feeding. Whereas the cellular underpinnings of LTS have been characterized, the mechanisms of feeding suppression remained unknown. Here, we report that LTS traini ... mehr
The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is an E3 ligase regulated by Cdh1. Beyond its role in controlling cell cycle progression, APC/C–Cdh1 has been detected in neurons and plays a role in long-lasting synaptic plasticity and long-term memory. Herein, we further examined the role ... mehr