Fungal prions are protein-based genetic elements. Sup35 and Ure2p constitute the best-characterized prion proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. No high-resolution molecular models of the amyloid conformations adopted by the prion domains of these proteins are available yet. A quantitative description of the kinetics and thermodynamics of their self-assembly processes might provide clues on the nature of the structural changes originating their heritable and transmissible phenotypes. Here we study the temperature dependence of Sup35 and Ure2p amyloid fibril nucleation and elongation reactions at physiological pH. Both processes follow the Arrhenius law, allowing calculation of their associated thermodynamic activation parameters. Although the Gibbs energies (ΔG*) for the nucleation and elongation of both prions are similar, the enthalpic and entropic contributions to these two processes are dramatically different. In addition, the structural properties of the two types of prion fibrils exhibit di...
Raimon Sabaté; Anna Villar-Piqué; Alba Espargaró; Salvador Ventura
The successful applicability of gene therapy approaches will heavily rely on the development of efficient and safe nonviral gene delivery vectors, for example, cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs). CPPs can condense oligonucleotides and plasmid DNA (pDNA) into nanoparticles, thus allowing the t ... mehr
Dendrimers feature a defined number of terminal groups that may bind RNA or be functionalized with bioactive molecules. These competing uses of terminal groups may create an impasse if the requisite density of ligands depletes the number of terminal groups for binding sufficient RNA, or vic ... mehr
The development of clay bionanocomposites requires processing routes with nanostructural control. Moreover, moisture durability is a concern with water-soluble biopolymers. Here, oriented bionanocomposite coatings with strong in-plane orientation of clay platelets are for the first time pre ... mehr