Integrins are transmembrane proteins regulating cellular shape, mobility and the cell cycle. A highly conserved signature motif in the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin [alpha]-subunit, KXGFFKR, plays a critical role in regulating integrin function. To date, six proteins have been identified that target this motif of the platelet-specific integrin [alpha]IIb[beta]3. We employ peptide-affinity chromatography followed-up with LC-MS/MS analysis as well as protein chips to identify new potential regulators of integrin function in platelets and put them into their biological context using information from protein:protein interaction (PPI) databases. Totally, 44 platelet proteins bind with high affinity to an immobilized LAMWKVGFFKR-peptide. Of these, seven have been reported in the PPI literature as interactors with integrin [alpha]-subunits. 68 recombinant human proteins expressed on the protein chip specifically bind with high affinity to biotin-tagged [alpha]-integrin cytoplasmic peptides. Two of these proteins are also identified in the peptide-affinity experiments, one is also found in the PPI databases and a further one is present in the data to all three approaches. Finally, novel short linear interaction motifs are common to a number of proteins identified.
We studied 17,576 members of 166 MLH1 and 224 MSH2 mutation‐carrying families from the Colon Cancer Family Registry. Average cumulative risks of colorectal cancer (CRC), endometrial cancer (EC) and other cancers for carriers were estimated using modified segregation analysis co ... mehr
Flavonoids have well‐known antioxidant, anti‐inflammatory, and anti‐cancer activities. Isoflavone genistein is considered a potent antioxidant agent against oxidative stress. Although several mechanisms have been proposed, a clear antioxidant mechanism of genistein is still remain ... mehr
People can get oral cancers from UV (290‐400 nm) exposures. Besides high outdoor UV exposures, high indoor UV exposures to oral tissues can occur when consumers use UV‐emitting tanning devices to either tan or whiten their teeth. We compared the carcinogenic risks of skin to or ... mehr